8 Peace and justice
This will be a brief concluding chapter. It would be an exercise in hubris to suggest that detailed definitive conclusions can be drawn from what is, after all, an introductory text. This chapter will go back to three of the key questions raised throughout the book:
Some tentative conclusions are drawn under each question but the aim of this final chapter is not to give definitive answers but to provoke and perhaps guide debate. What follows are some suggested conclusions but readers will inevitably have drawn their own. Moreover, rather than repeating those conclusions drawn under each chapter, this final chapter considers the central theme of combining peace and justice, since it has been contended throughout that this is the ultimate aim of international conflict and security law.
This chapter is premised on the presupposition that the historical and political circumstances surrounding treaties and other agreements in international relations signify that there are no neat answers, nor perfectly coherent and consistent inter-locking legal regimes. However, it remains the case that those legal regimes analysed throughout the course of this book – principally the law of arms control, the law governing the use of force (jus ad bellum), the law of armed conflict (jus in bello), and post-conflict law (jus post bellum) all have the objective of regulating to limit violence between states, and increasingly between states and non-state actors, and between non-state actors themselves. Furthermore, the longer-term project is not simply to limit existential violence but to...
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