7 The relationship with other areas of international law
As the chapters in this book illustrate, international environmental law is a distinct area of international law in that numerous normative instruments, or parts thereof such as Part XII of the LOS Convention, can be identified that have been developed with the aim of protecting the environment. The chapters in this book also illustrate that international environmental law is inextricably linked to the body of general international law such as the law of treaties, the law on state responsibility and the law on the settlement of disputes. As such, international environmental law is part of international law. In addition, synergies or discrepancies exist between international environmental law and some other areas of international law. These other areas of international law include human rights law, the law of armed conflict, trade law and investment law. This chapter discusses the most salient synergies and discrepancies between these other areas of international law and international environmental law by focusing on how these other areas of international law engage with international environmental law.
The relationship between international environmental law and human rights law is reflected in the work of most United Nations human rights bodies as well as regional human rights courts and commissions. Since the 1990s, a number of special mandate holders have identified links between the enjoyment of human rights and the protection of the environment. Special mandate holders are individuals or working groups who are mandated to report on the state of affairs regarding a specific human right or...
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