Show Less
You do not have access to this content

Advanced Introduction to International Trade Law

Michael J. Trebilcock

A second and fully updated edition of the book previously entitled Understanding Trade Law, this book presents an accessible yet nuanced introduction to the basic structure and principles of international trade law. It explores the development of the international trade law regime, principally GATT and WTO law, and through clear and concise discussion of the many developments that have arisen, gives a streamlined overview of this notoriously complex area of legal study.
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

9  Trade and agriculture

Michael J. Trebilcock

Extract

Trade in agricultural products has long been one of the most prominent and acrimonious issues on the global trade agenda. Prior to the Uruguay Round, the GATT placed many fewer disciplines on agricultural trade than on any other product sector. Although Article XI of the GATT prohibits quantitative restrictions, it contains a number of exceptions which relate specifically to agricultural trade. In particular, Article XI.2(a) permits export prohibitions or restrictions temporarily applied to prevent or relieve critical shortages of foodstuffs or other products essential to the exporting contracting party. Article XI.2(c) permits import restrictions on any agricultural or fisheries product necessary to the enforcement of government measures which operate: i) to restrict the quantities of the like domestic product permitted to be marketed or produced, or ii) to remove a temporary surplus of the like domestic product. In principle, any restrictions applied under Article XI.2(c)(i) shall not be such as will reduce the total of imports relative to the total of domestic production, as compared with the proportion that might reasonably be expected to prevail between the two in the absence of restrictions, although this provision has not been rigorously enforced. Article XI.2(c)(i) is particularly important, because it permits countries to restrict imports in order to sustain domestic supply management schemes designed to increase the price of domestic agricultural products.

Apart from Article XI, Article XVI of the GATT provides that contracting parties should seek to avoid the use of subsidies on...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.


Further information

or login to access all content.