European Union Law
Values, fundamental rights and citizenship
The political nature of the ultimate aim of European integration as shaped by the EC and EU treaties finds its legal expression in the concept of European citizenship and in the provisions of primary law relating to the values of the Union.
As stated in Article 2 TEU:
The Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. These values are common to the Member States in a society in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail.
Respect for those values is a requirement for states which want to accede to the Union, as referred to in the provisions on accession, and indeed, lack of respect for those values has impeded accession. Also, member states are required to respect those values, but unlike in the case of accession, the Union does not have an ultimate weapon of enforcement.
Article 7 TEU establishes a specific procedure to ensure respect for those values by member states. Initiative rests in the hands of the EP (acting by a two-thirds majority of the votes cast, representing the majority of the component members), the Commission (who acts by a majority of its members), the Council (who acts by qualified majority without the indicted member state) or one-third of the member states. Those provisions make it quite difficult for the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.