European Union Law
The area of freedom, security and justice (AFSJ)
The treaties of Rome established free movement for member state nationals in order to exercise their freedoms related to the common market, and a Directive of 25 February 1964 abolished the need for a passport to cross their borders. With the accord of Schengen of 14 June 1985, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the Netherlands decided to abolish internal border controls and to establish corollary measures – for access of citizens from third countries to their territory – in the fields of visa, immigration and policing, that were implemented by a Convention of 19 June 1990. Other member states gradually joined the so-called “Schengen Area”, with the exception of the UK and Ireland which did not want to participate. Admission to the Schengen Area depends however upon an agreement by the Council, which grants it only if the relevant member state is deemed apt to control its borders in a satisfactory way; this usually takes some time after accession. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland also participate in the Schengen system on the basis of specific agreements with the EU. Denmark participates in the Schengen system on the basis of a special agreement.
With the treaty of Amsterdam, the content of the 1990 Convention and acts adopted on its basis have been introduced in the EC treaty and secondary law. It is therefore improper to talk about “the Schengen treaty” as far as EU member states are concerned: the provisions relating to the abolition of border controls are embedded in the...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.