European Union Law
The internal market
is the greatest achievement of the EU, considered as a worldwide model of deep regional integration. The area of the internal market, which also includes Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway as members of the European Economic Area (EEA), hosts more than half a billion inhabitants (this will be less if the UK is no longer included), making it the third largest market worldwide. Turkey, with about 83 million inhabitants, may be added as it is part of the EU customs union.
Whether the internal market should be considered as the utmost height of regional integration or as a building block towards some kind of “United States of Europe” has been debated since the time of the SEA of 1986. The Brexit debate from 2016 onwards has shed light on the fact that even the EU concept of an internal market is not one that is unanimously shared, because it greatly limits member states’ discretion in managing immigration.
In the words of Article 26(2) TFEU, which stem from the SEA, “[t]he internal market shall comprise an area without internal frontiers in which the free movement of goods, persons, services and capital is ensured in accordance with the provisions of the Treaties”. This wording summarises the doctrinal synthesis of the rules of the EEC treaty on the customs union, elimination of quantitative restrictions between member states, right of establishment, and free movement of workers, services and capital. The idea of the EEC treaty was to have a...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.