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Advanced Introduction to International Trade Law

Michael J. Trebilcock Joel Trachtman

Written by two leading scholars with 60 years of collective experience in the area, this insightful updated second edition provides a clear and concise introduction to the fundamental components of international trade law, presenting the basic structure and principles of this complex area of law, alongside elucidation of specific GATT and WTO legal rules and institutions. Key updates include references to the most recent cases, decisions and treaty negotiation developments, analysis of populist critiques of international trade law and analysis of new areas including digital trade and security exceptions.
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Anti-dumping laws

Michael J. Trebilcock Joel Trachtman


are by far the most widely invoked of a trilogy of trade remedy or contingent protection regimes: anti-dumping laws; countervailing duties; and safeguards.1 While Article VI of the GATT permitted member countries to impose anti-dumping laws from the outset of the GATT, up until the late 1970s anti-dumping laws were a relatively minor form of trade restriction, mostly because the bulk of protection was ensured by tariffs, quantitative restrictions (or voluntary export restraints), subsidies, or a mix of all these instruments. However, starting from the late 1970s both the total number of anti-dumping investigations and anti-dumping orders, as well as the number of countries that have introduced anti-dumping regimes have dramatically increased. As of December 2017, 3,604 anti-dumping measures were in force around the world.2 In many respects, it has become the protectionist remedy of choice.

India, followed by the USA, were the leading initiators of anti-dumping proceedings over the period a 1995 to 2017 (a total of 5,529 initiations by all countries), in contrast to the period 1980 to 1988 when the actions of the USA, Australia, Canada, and the EU accounted for 97.5 per cent of all actions.3

Article VI of GATT authorizes member countries to introduce anti-dumping regimes to address cases where the products of one country are introduced into the commerce of another country at less than the normal value of the products where this causes or threatens material injury to an established industry in the territory of a contracting...

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