Show Less
You do not have access to this content

Advanced Introduction to International Trade Law

Michael J. Trebilcock Joel Trachtman

Written by two leading scholars with 60 years of collective experience in the area, this insightful updated second edition provides a clear and concise introduction to the fundamental components of international trade law, presenting the basic structure and principles of this complex area of law, alongside elucidation of specific GATT and WTO legal rules and institutions. Key updates include references to the most recent cases, decisions and treaty negotiation developments, analysis of populist critiques of international trade law and analysis of new areas including digital trade and security exceptions.
Show Summary Details
You do not have access to this content

Trade policy, labour standards and human rights

Michael J. Trebilcock Joel Trachtman


The idea of using international labour standards to protect workers from economic exploitation was first promoted by individual social reformers in the first half of the nineteenth century in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution. The work of these reformers was taken over by various non-governmental organizations, including various international organizations (in particular, international associations of trade unions) in the second half of the nineteenth century. Intergovernmental actions to promote international labour standards began to be reflected in international conferences beginning in 1890 and culminated in the establishment of the International Labour Organization (ILO) by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. The ILO, a tripartite organization of government, employer and worker representatives, has mostly pursued its mandate by setting minimum international standards through Conventions and Recommendations, subject in the former case to ratification by member states and promoted by investigation, public reporting and technical assistance, but not formal sanctions. In 1998, the ILO adopted the Declaration of Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work providing that all members have an obligation to respect and promote certain core labour standards (CLS): 1) freedom of association and the right to engage in collective bargaining; 2) the elimination of forced labour; 3) the elimination of child labour; and 4) the elimination of discrimination in employment. This Declaration parallels, in many respects, references to core international labour standards in the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the UN Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information

or login to access all content.